The National Symbols of Nigeria


Heloo Children, welcome to another  exciting week  on Children’s World. Today we are going to learn about the National Symbols of Nigeria.

National symbols are one of the most essential parts of life in every country, they are a representation of national idea of a certain state. The National symbols of Nigeria represent the beliefs of the people of Nigeria, it showcases the faith we have in the country, our hope and determination to succeed. National Symbol  have been part of our heritage for a very long time, the five most prominent ones in this country are as follow:

The Nigeria Anthem

This is the most popular of all the national symbols of Nigeria. It is being taught in  schools  from childhood.  The national anthem was first composed by a British lady miss Williams which was adopted on our independence day  in 1960. It was replaced on 1 October 1978. The new national anthem was composed by Mr. Ben Odiase, who was then the director of music in Nigeria police band. The National anthem of Nigeria uplifts the faith of Every Nigeria; it reminds us of our goals and revives us to keep building  the nation until it stands mightily.


The Nigerian National pledge

As well as the anthem, everyone from  childhood learns it at schools. School children recite it every day on the assembly like  a kind of tradition. There’s also a national motto, which is as follows: Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress, this is an oath of allegiance of support of the country. Often times, it is recited after the National anthem. The National pledge was drafted by a Nigerian Professor, Prof (Mrs) Felicia Adebola in 1976 and in September 1976, General Olusegun Obasanjo decreed that all schools children should recite the national pledge on daily basis. The national pledge goes thus:

I pledge to Nigeria my country

To be faithful loyal and honest

To serve Nigeria with all my strength

To defend her unity

And uphold her honour and glory

So help me God.


The Nigerian National Flag

It was  created by Pa Taiwo Akinkunmi in the year of 1959. He was a student in London during that time. There was a National Flag Design Competition carried out at the university campus, and his variation appeared to be the best among the other 2000 ones. He got not only the glory, but also a cash gift of 100 pounds. The flag is divided into 3 equal vertical lines of Green White and Green. This flag was officially raised for the first time during Nigeria’s Independence Day (on the 1st of October, the year of 1960). Since that time, it has been expressing fervor and sentiments of people


 The Nigeria Coat of Arms.

It was adopted in May 1960. Everything you can see on it, carries its special meaning. The Nigerian coat of arms features an eagle mounted on a black shield,  the  black shield  represents the fertile soil while the ‘Y’ shaped silvery bands represents the Niger and Benue Rivers, which flows differently but joined at a certain point to form the main inland waterways in Nigeria. The eagle means strength, while the two white horses symbolize dignity. In the bottom, you may see plenty of coctus spectabifis, these  are colorful and bright flowers, created in the national colors of white and green, which denote the beauty of the land.


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