Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: What We Should Know

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a very common disorder in school age children. It is a disorder that is commonly over diagnosed to children and is often confused with normal child behavior. At a young age, children are often very active, impulsive, and their attention span is minimal, but this is often mistaken for ADHD. There are many signs to look for, and many ways in dealing with a child with ADHD. If this disorder is not detected and treated early, it can lead into many adulthood downfalls which can greatly effect one’s life. ADHD has many symptoms but the main core symptoms are:

  • Inattention
  • Hyperactivity and
  • Impulsivity

A student’s academic success is often dependent on his/her ability to maintain a task, pay attention to the teacher and follow classroom expectations with minimal distraction. There are several ways of dealing with ADHD in the classroom that can make learning effective for these students. In order for teachers and parents to understand ADHD they must a have knowledge about what it is and how to deal with children that has this type of disorder.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a labeled given to students that have a serve problem with attention and impulsiveness. Male children are the ones usually diagnosed with ADHD, as it usually affect boys more often than girls. The behavior problems usually develop by the time the kids start school. ADHD is hard to diagnose, it impacts each child’s brain differently, so each case can look quite different in the classroom. Children with ADHD exhibit a range of symptoms: some seem to bounce off the walls, some daydream constantly, and others just can’t seem to follow the rules.

Children with ADHD are often inattentive in the classroom.

This manifests in the form of not being able to follow rules or directions, not listening to the teacher and being distracted by external stimuli in the classroom. This affects the children because they are often singled out by the teacher for problems with inattention. They may not be able to complete assignments in a timely fashion and may feel inferior to their classmates. These children may also suffer poor grades as a result. ADHD students have trouble studying for long periods of time, and tend to be disorganized and forgetful.

Children with ADHD are hyperactive.

They may not be able to sit still at their desks, frequently getting up and wandering about the classroom, asking to leave the classroom to go to the nurse or the bathroom and/or acting out in various ways that distract other students. Teachers can become frustrated with this behavior, and consequently, students with ADHD are often in trouble. The hyperactive behavior can negatively affect school performance and learning.

Children with ADHD are impulsive

Due to their condition, may act without forethought. They frequently blurt out in class, make noises, laugh at inappropriate times and interrupt others. Because of these actions that occur through no fault of their own, ADHD children may require separation from the group, which can negatively affect their socialization and friendships with peers.

How Teachers can help students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

ADHD students need structure to support their learning and social performance. Teachers can help in many ways by making several classroom adjustments for children with ADHD.

  • Teachers should keep distractions to a minimum.
  • Make assignments interesting.
  • When possible, teachers should seat these children away from displays and at desks instead of at group tables.
  • Teachers can reduce impulsivity by removing as many distractions as possible and verbally reminding students not to follow their first impulse. Graphic organizers and study guides are ways to help students become organized.

There are series of instructional strategies that have proven to be successful in educating children with ADHD. However, it should be emphasized again that these techniques are also highly useful for all children. The three main components of a successful strategy for educating children with ADHD are academic instruction, behavioral interventions, and classroom accommodations. By incorporating techniques from these three areas into their everyday instructional and classroom management practices, teachers will be empowered to improve both the academic performance and the behavior of their students with ADHD. In doing so, teachers will create an enhanced learning environment for all students.

Parents with children with ADHD

The demands of monitoring a child with ADHD can be physically and mentally exhausting. Your child’s inability to “listen” can lead to frustration and that frustration to anger—followed by guilt about being angry at your child. Your child’s behavior can make you anxious and stressed and if there’s a basic difference between your personality and that of your child with ADHD, his or her behavior can be especially difficult to accept. In order to meet the challenges of raising a child with ADHD, you must to be able to master a combination of compassion and consistency.

Living in a home that provides both love and structure is the best thing for a child or teenager who is learning to manage ADHD. As a parent, you set the stage for your child’s emotional and physical health.  You have control over many of the factors that can positively influence the symptoms of your child’s disorder. A parent’s best assets for helping a child meet the challenges of ADHD are your positive attitude and common sense. When you are calm and focused, you are more likely to be able to connect with your child, helping him or her to be calm and focused as well. Parents should help their child eat right. Diet is not a direct cause of attention deficit disorder, but food can and does affect your child’s mental state, which in turn seems to affect behavior. Monitoring and modifying what, when, and how much your child eats can help decrease the symptoms of ADHD.

Having a child with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is not the end of the world, neither is it a death sentence, but with a positive attitude, a calm demeanor and a truckload of patience, both parents and teachers can bring out the best in every child.

 

 

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